The contrapuntal textures used by Hindemith throughout the symphony highlight many instruments individually. This writing takes advantage of the vast color palette that this combination of instruments offers.
The Symphony is scored for:
Woodwind: 2 flutes, piccolo, 2 oboes, E-flat clarinet, 4 B-flat clarinets, alto clarinet, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, 2 alto saxophones, tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone
Brass: 4 cornets, 2 trumpets, 4 horns, 3 trombones, baritone, tuba
Percussion: timpani, bass drum, cymbals, glockenspiel, snare drum, tambourine, triangle